Police Find Drugs in Raid of Vatican Apartment

Police Find Drugs in Raid of Vatican Apartment

Vatican police have attacked an apartment belonging to the Vatican and detained an aide to one of Francisco’s top advisers.

Police in late June have found widespread use of drugs and men involved in homosexual activities during the bust at the house belonging to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, according to Il Fatto Quotidiano, an Italian daily newspaper First to report the incident.

Among its functions, to guide the congregation’s response to clerical cases of sexual abuse.

Authorities arrested the secretary of Cardinal Francesco Coccopalmerio, who was a occupant of the dwelling, but the official charges related to the incident have not been reported.

Coccopalmerio, who serves as president of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts and conducts interpretations of the laws of the Church, would have advised his secretary to promote the bishop.

Police were informed by neighbors, who complained of unusual behavior and a “constant coming and going” of housing.

The newspaper described the Pope as “crazy” and said that help was first taken in a clinic and hospital to be detoxified by the drugs he had used and “now he is back in an Italian convent.”

The scandal comes after the return of Cardinal George Pell in Australia to defend himself against charges related to multiple historical sex crimes. Pell, one of the Pope’s top advisers, is the highest ranking church official to deal with allegations of abuse.

Days after giving the Pell release, Francis has also recalled German Cardinal Gerhard Mueller as prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, according to The Associated Press. It is not known whether the drug arrest noted played a role in the Pope’s decision.

The Pope has pledged a “zero tolerance” approach to abuse, but victim advocates said poor staffing decisions and the scandal of global abuses reaching the heart of the Vatican have tarnished its legacy.

Lawmakers hurt in clashes at Venezuelan National Assembly

Lawmakers hurt in clashes at Venezuelan National Assembly

(CNN) Armed with pipes, sticks and stones, supporters of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro attacked the country’s National Assembly in Caracas on Wednesday and attacked opposition lawmakers, witnesses said.

The Independence Day clashes in the opposition-controlled chamber were the latest outbreak of violence in a country that has experienced a broad economic crisis and demonstrations on the occasional streets that require a change of government.
Videos and photos of the scene showed supporters of the government – a little use of handkerchiefs and wearing Venezuelan tricolor – invading the assembly building and the opening of its doors of solid wood.

Inside, the bloodstained floors and the walls act hall because the injured legislators were treated by colleagues.

At least seven lawmakers and five lawmakers were injured, according to National Assembly President Julio Borges.

Journalists inside the Assembly building reported being beaten.
The US State Department issued a statement late Wednesday calling the conflict “an assault on the democratic principles appreciated by the men and women who fought for Venezuela’s independence 206 years ago today.”

The statement calls on the Venezuelan government to “immediately provide for the protection of the National Assembly, to ensure that those wounded in today’s attack can receive medical care and bring those responsible to justice.”

Before concluding a military parade on the 20th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, Maduro condemned the violence and said “strange”

The facts continue to occur with the opposition. “He also ordered an investigation.
“I will never be complicit in any act of violence,” he said. “I want peace for Venezuela.

Despite the violence, lawmakers have pledged to hold a planned meeting to discuss an unofficial plebiscite – a national vote would be a move toward an election to oust Maduro.

Vice President of the National Assembly and opposition leader Freddy Guevara told the official television station Capitolio that he would continue the session as scheduled on Wednesday.
The July 16 plebiscite was asked about the level of confidence in Maduro and seek public opinion in his rewriting of the Venezuelan constitution.

Guevara told CNN en Español that lawmakers Armando Armas and Américo De Grazia were injured during the clash with loyal Maduro. Lawmakers Nora Brancho, Luis Carlos Padilla and Leonardo Regnault were also injured, according to a Twitter meeting.

Assemblyman Armando Armas, head and white bloody shirt, posted a video on Twitter with the message:

“We were elected to defend the country. Today, July 5, barbarism wants to impose the courtesy before, with the dictatorship!”
“We are going to defend Venezuela at all costs, even with our lives,” he said.

In April, during widespread criticism, the Supreme Court overturned the decision to transfer all the powers of the National Assembly to the court, which is stacked with supporters of the government. The opposition had suddenly called the movement.

The final assault on the National Assembly after several tumultuous days for the troubled nation.

Oscar Perez police officer last week, flew a helicopter with an accomplice government team flew over the Supreme Court, from grenades, fired shots and flew over Caracas for about two hours.
No one in the Supreme Court was injured and the army did nothing to intervene – though Perez was flying in sight. Critics of the government said it was a maneuver orchestrated by Maduro to justify the use of a hard hand against demonstrators. Maduro condemned the attack and denied any involvement.

On Wednesday, Perez appeared in a video stating that the purpose of his mission was to damage the Justice Department and the Supreme Court, without causing collateral damage.
“We are not murderers, like you,

Trump Aides’ Biggest Worry About Europe Trip: Meeting With Putin

Trump Aides’ Biggest Worry About Europe Trip: Meeting With Putin

Even his best people do not know exactly what Mr. Trump decides to do or say when he and M. Poutine will meet on Friday at the Economic Group of 20 Summit in Hamburg, Germany.

And that is what most worries the advisers and officials of his administration, while Mr. Trump begins his second trip overseas as president, first stopping in Warsaw on Thursday to give an address then in Hamburg.

The expected conversation with M. Poutine is in many ways a necessity, given the critical conflicts that divide the United States and Russia.

But it also poses risks for Mr Trump, who is facing a network investigating possible links to his campaign with Russia, as well as questions about his willingness to take Moscow for his military aggression and for-profit electoral interference.

The air of uncertainty about the meeting was highlighted by the president’s willingness to unpredictable states and the optics uncomfortable.

And that’s not the only packed meeting to expect M. Trump this week. Following the launch of North Korea on Tuesday to an intercontinental ballistic missile, it also faces new pressure to act against a Pyongyang threat that has long confused US presidents and has some attractive ways to tackle.

It should meet in Hamburg with Chinese President Xi Jinping as he complains that Beijing has not done enough to stop North Korea.

“There is a lot of nervousness in the White House and the State Department about the meeting and how they manage because they see many potential risks,” said Steven Pifer, former ambassador to Ukraine, who worked for the National Security Council and State Department .

There is this gray cloud for the president of collusion investigations, so any kind of agreement will do the scrutiny of “Is it a gift to the Russians?”

M. Trump himself does not appear to be concerned about the meeting. He told participants that he is more upset by the prospect of being scolded by German Chancellor Angela Merkel and other leaders to leave agreements on Paris’s climate and its hard line on immigration.

Team M. Trump said he could evoke Russia’s documented interference during the 2016 election, but he is unlikely to insist on this: doubts about the legitimacy of his election should be highlighted.

Aides hope they will focus on issues related to Syria, including setting up security zones, anti-reluctant Islamic state and M. Poutine to prevent the government of President Bashar al-Assad from using chemical weapons against the civilian population.

Before the meeting between US President and Secretary of State Rex W. Tillerson said last Wednesday that the United States “are willing to explore the possibility” of broader cooperation with Moscow in Syria, including a discussion in The establishment of free-flying zones.

Police Officer Is ‘Murdered for Her Uniform’ in the Bronx

Police Officer Is ‘Murdered for Her Uniform’ in the Bronx

In a corner in the Bronx strained by constant resentment against unsolved crimes and distrust of the police, the officer was Miosotis Family balm.

She is considered “Good Politician” in the short time she has been assigned to an RV Police command post at East 183th Street and Morris Avenue, two miles north of Yankee Stadium, a long-term resident, Roma Martinez . He praised hello; She spoke Spanish.

But long before that happened, hostility toward law enforcement personnel was built for Alexander Bonds, who was in and out of 15-year prisons and prisons and was in the process of contracting a serious mental illness. Last year, he warned in a video on Facebook that he would not back down if he met the police on the street: “I broke my ribs for a reason, my son. Let’s shake.”

His girlfriend called 911 Tuesday night and told police that Mr. Bonds “was in a maniac and depressed – paranoid,” said a law enforcement official. When the agents arrived, he left.

About three hours later, with the fireworks on July 4, Mr. Bonds approached the command post of the general officer and fired a .38-caliber revolver in a window, after having killed with head of the ball.

She was the first female police officer in New York killed in service since September 11 and the third woman died during a bout type meeting in the department’s history.

New York City Police Commissioner James P. O’Neill said in a message to officers that he had been “unintentionally killed, without provocation, in a direct attack on police officers assigned to protect People of New York “.

And once again, the city fell into mourning in a selective murder by police that appeared to result in part of a whirlwind of mental illness and anger against the police, two and a half years after a man with a history It takes similar two patrol agents through its windows.

In the control room around 12:30, fellow General Officer Vincent Maher asked for help on the radio: “The blow of the call of my partner of my partner!” His appeal has drawn dozens of officers and transformed the events of Independence Day celebrations at the scene of the crime.

The agents followed Mr. Bonds, 34, who wore a black hooded sweatshirt, black pants, black shoes, and black gloves.

When they confronted him, he aimed his Ruger revolver five lights on them and fired, said a preliminary investigation. Officers – a sergeant and a patrol officer – were shot. A spectator struck during filming was in stable condition.

“It was clear that he had to find the kind of target acquisition that would be needed to shoot someone,” said a law enforcement official. “It does not look like he threw a lot of shots at him. It looked like direct death.”

The attack highlighted a challenge that night to New York City because the crime falls to record levels: how to pool public health resources and coordinate city agencies to handle the most violent and most of the citizens Vulnerable, many are affected while Mr. Bonds was a serious mental illness.

An aunt, Nancy Kearse, 55, said Mr. Bonds was out of a Bronx hospital last week after an accident in June. Her condition was diagnosed as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, she said, and she had taken antipsychotic drugs. She said she was admitted to Bellevue Hospital several times in the past 15 years.

48-year-old family officer, known for his carefree attitude in his 12 years in the police department, grew up in Washington Heights in Manhattan amid crack cocaine epidemics.

She became a police officer in the mid-1930s, after completing a previous test at the Police Academy. She raised a daughter who is now in college and twins while nursing her mother in an apartment two miles north of where she was killed.

CNN Story About Source of Trump Wrestling Video Draws Backlash

CNN Story About Source of Trump Wrestling Video Draws Backlash

The 28-second video and its source have had problems since Sunday morning when the president is shaking as he continued his attacks on the media. The tweet, which was returned by the presidency’s official count, has become Trump’s most common position on Twitter, The Associated Press reported.

CNN said on Tuesday it had found and talked to the Reddit user, who apologized for creating video and other racist and anti-Semitic articles, including the ones that Jews added starred CNN personalities. A CNN reporter, Andrew Kaczynski said he had confirmed the identity of the user and that he had talked to him over the phone.

But the article Kaczynski did not identify the user as a “private citizen.” M. Kaczynski later said on Twitter that the user Reddit was “a middle-aged man.”

CNN wrote in the article that he did not publish the user’s name, “since he is a private citizen who has made a great statement of apology, showed remorse, saying that he had removed all his offensive messages, and because he said he did not repeat this behavior Ugly Go to social networks again. Also, he said his statement could be an example for others not doing the same.

In another tweet, M. Kaczynski said the Reddit user called him after publishing the story and said, “I totally agree with his statement. I have not been threatened in any way.”

Some critics, including Donald Trump Jr., talked about the Reddit user in 15 years, but it was not clear on which to base this conclusion. M. Kaczynski has categorized the claim, saying that the user was an adult and that M. Trump and others intentionally “spread false information”.

The network has been a frequent target of attacks as it covers the correct Trump administration.

Ted Cruz, the Republican senator, said the CNN story was “troubling” and suggested that extortion could be considered.

In a statement, Matt Dornic, a spokesman for the network, said that “CNN has decided not to publish the Reddit user name for fear of its security,” and that “any suggestion that the network handcuffed him and forced false.”

Trump Is Winning the Immigration Debate

Trump Is Winning the Immigration Debate

With his penchant for Tweeted insults and GIF, Donald Trump will never be mistaken for a master of the art of soft persuasion. However, he clearly gained public debate on the issue of immigration.

It does not make sustained and careful attention. Twitter the other day that media eventually cover its success on the border, even if he devoted more energy to his war with CNN that promote the reduction of illegal borders.
No, it is the fact of their victory in November, and data showing the importance of the issue of immigration, which began to change the intellectual climate.

It was assumed, even by many Republicans like Senator John McCain, opposition to amnesty and high levels of legal immigration would condemn the GOP as a minority forever. Trump exploited conventional wisdom.

Now center-left intellectuals ask to reconsider orthodoxy at the immigration festival, it became increasingly hostile to law enforcement and any skepticism about current levels of immigration.

The swing was huge. A Trump defeat in November after he runs into an exaggerated version of immigration restrain would send Republicans back to the comfortable and agreeable clichés about comprehensive immigration reform. And if Hillary Clinton had won on a platform that has doubled in the Obama administration’s amnesties, serious immigration law has lost its political legitimacy.

Trump probably would not have won without running so straight into the consensus consensus teeth.

According to a study by the Public Religion Research Institute and the white voters of the White Working Class, there was a concern for cultural change and support for the deportation of undocumented immigrants that voted for Trump and not for a loss of Economic or social condition. Similarly, a report from the Study Fund for Democracy Election Group revealed that Hillary Clinton returned to voters who supported populist Barack Obama, the issue of immigration is expanding.

In the light of the election, Josh Barro Business Insider, William Galston of the Brookings Institution, Peter Beinart Atlantic, CNN’s Fareed Zakaria, and Stan Greenberg of Democracy Corps, among others, urged Democrats to re-calibrate.

Many of these writers are not content to observe the dangerous policy of the maximalist stance on immigration or to support such a policy must take into account the economic costs and benefits of immigration. They also give importance to cultural concerns about mass immigration – the concerns that many on the left view as ill-concealed hatred.

In an act of heresy by the Davos ensemble, Fareed Zakaria recommends that “the party to take a less absolutist position on immigration and recognize both the cultural and economic costs of large-scale immigration.”

In foreign affairs, Jeff D. Colgan Brown University and Robert O. Keohane of Princeton, both supporters of globalization, pointed out that “this is not the fanaticism to gauge immigration levels to the ability of immigrants to assimilate and The possibility of adjusting the company “.

This sentiment would not be so remarkable if the Democratic Party was not so radical about immigration. The Atlantic Beinart piece was a reminder that there is more than 10 years left, leaving much room for the discrepancy on immigration.

It returns a little later, in the 1990s, and Bill Clinton openly denounces illegal immigration and liberal giant Barbara Jordan leads a bipartisan commission calling for better enforcement and reduction of legal immigration.

Meanwhile, Democrats are convinced that liberal immigration has political decision-making and that immigration is actually a civil rights issue and therefore not negotiable.

Voter fraud commission may have violated law

Voter fraud commission may have violated law

Electoral fraud committee for President Trump could have violated the law by ignoring the federal requirements governing state investigations, several experts in the process of regulating The Hill.

Experts say that failure to submit the request to the States through the Bureau of Information and Regulatory Affairs (ARTI) of the Office of Administration and Budget violates a 1980 Act known as the Procedural Redress Act (PRA). They also say that the ruling could be significant, since states could argue that this means that they have no obligation to respond.

“If the commission is severely with them, I think States have the right to say,” No, we do not have to respond because we have not looked [ARTI], “said Susan Dudley, a former ARTI director is now director of the Center Of GW Regulatory Studies at George Washington University.

The Presidential Advisory Commission on Electoral Integrity called on voters 50 and the District of Columbia to gather detailed information last week about their constituencies, including full names and addresses, registration of political parties and the last four social security numbers .

The application is part of the panel’s work is to promote fair and honest federal election.

It was formed after Trump said he lost popular vote in last year’s presidential election to Hillary Clinton because of widespread electoral fraud, an argument rejected by representatives of the two party elections.

Several states have responded to the angry demands, saying they represent an excessive overshoot of the federal government. Forty-four states, led by Republican and Democratic Governments and the District of Columbia is already resistant to information, according to multiple information.

Once a first version of this article was published online, the White House in an email argued that the election commission was free from the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act, which requires federal agencies to take the exact measurements Before making requests for public information. The reason is simple, according to a spokesperson: the commission is not an agency.

“The law on reducing bureaucracy applies only to information collection agencies,” Marc Lotter, a spokeswoman for Pence vice president, said in an e-mail. “The Commission is an entity that” only serves to advise and assist the President, “and therefore is not a PRA reserve agency.

Experts interviewed by The Hill said they believed the commission was under the Paperwork Reduction Act, a 1980 law that requires federal agencies to seek public input, even during a comment period, before making a request for information.

An amendment of 1995 extended the ARTI to include not only requests for information for the government, but also requests for information to the public.

There are exceptions to the paperwork requirements, but Richard Belzer, a former ARTI economist, said in an e-mail to The Hill that he did not remember Trump’s order, which includes a provision that exempts the commission to meet the requirements.

Belzer said it would be unprecedented for ARTI to be subject to approval or issue of an exemption, at the request of the White House, but argued that this would be “legally questionable” in this matter.

The Procedures Reduction Act defines the “agency” in a very broad manner and only exempts the Office’s consultation of the responsibility of the government and the Federal Election Commission from having to comply with the requirements of the law.

Therefore, the electoral commission and the type of information it requires are covered.

The law requires agencies to justify their requests for public information, specify how they will be used and provide assurances that data will be protected.

The law also requires agencies to estimate the number of hours that entities are required to meet.

When an application is submitted, the documents receive a control or reference number from the Office of Management and Budget. Unmarked, it appeared in the Commission’s letter to the United States, which has led several experts in the process to wonder if the process had been carried out.

U.S. missile shield not yet ready for North Korean nukes

U.S. missile shield not yet ready for North Korean nukes

Tens of thousands of dollars spent more than three decades, however, left the Pentagon there is a reliable way to knock down missiles with nuclear warheads approaching the United States – a vulnerability that has taken on a new urgency after the new test Of the first North Korean Independence Day.

In contrast, the missile defense system designed to protect the United States from an intercontinental ballistic missile – a diversified network of sensors, radars, and interceptor missiles based in Alaska and California – have failed three of its five tests, The military leaders. Even two victories were strongly scripted.
“If North Korea fired everything they had at us and we fired all the missiles, we would probably get most of them,” said Jeffrey Lewis, director of the East Asia nonproliferation program at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies. “But” probably “make the most of” a good day or a bad day? ”

The official position of the Pentagon Wednesday was the ground-based Midcourse defense system, designed by Boeing and many other defense contractors could eliminate a missile that crossed the atmosphere. But this opinion is a minority.

More current and former military officials and other experts believe that the chances of protecting the US territory against an ICBM surprise attack or very short-term would be slim at best. Last month, the outgoing Navy Admiral in charge of all Pentagon anti-missile defense programs told Congress that he had “reliability issues” with the system.

According to the Pentagon, Congress has provided at least 189.7 billion for missile defenses of all kinds since 1985, the height of the Ronald Reagan Strategic Defense Initiative, which was to provide a space of defense against a Soviet nuclear attack.

Some of these investments have paid, for example, the Patriot missiles currently widely used by the US. And its allies, as well as other terrestrial and marine systems designed to divert missiles farther away in battle. But incoming ballistic missile defenses, falling through space at tremendous speed, proved to be much harder to reach – and they do not stop trying.

It is estimated that the Midcourse defense system on the ground alone costs at least $ 40 billion, according to a 2013 estimate by the Government Accountability Office.

“In part, we are not able to, because it is the most difficult that the Pentagon has tried to do,” said Phil Coyle, who was the primary weapons controller of the Pentagon in the Clinton administration and the Office of Science and Technology Policy White house in the Obama administration.

“We have had more success with short- and medium-range systems, but they are slower, moving in the atmosphere.” This is different from traveling 15,000 miles per hour in space, especially when the enemy tries to deceive, “for example , With counter-measures and decoys.

“Three of the four previous [failed] tests – is a failure rate of 75%,” Coyle said the recent test system. Despite its most recent success, “two of the five are 40 percent. Forty percent is not a passing grade.”

The system includes 36 intercontinental ballistic missile interceptors – 32 at Fort Greely in Alaska and four in California at Vandenberg Air Force Base. The Pentagon’s Missile Defense Agency should expand this number to 44 by the end of the year.

The last test of the system was carried out on May 30, when a missile interceptor was fired from California to a target missile launched from the Reagan test site at Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands in the South Pacific.

The Pentagon praised the test as a milestone, saying that this led to a “direct collision.” Then Deputy Superintendent Jim Syring, director of the Missile Defense Agency, called it an “incredible achievement,” and said there was “a credible deterrent capable of and against a very real threat.”

Mouse Sperm Survives in Space, but Could Human Babies?

Mouse Sperm Survives in Space, but Could Human Babies?

Mouse Sperm Survives in Space, but Could Human Babies?

The freeze-dried mouse sperm spent nine months in space was used to produce healthy rodent breeders on Earth, Japanese researchers reported this week.

But could it be true for humans? And if design was possible in space, babies born in zero vigor are developed, unlike their Earth-related counterparts?

As NASA and other world space agencies are working furiously to push people to Mars in 2030, experts say key questions of survival on Mars are being overlooked.

Rocket scientists have little understanding of how humans live and breathe on Mars, or whether they could even withstand high doses of cosmic radiation that they would get on the road for two to three years.

A key element in the colonization of other planets, as Mars made promising Musk, SpaceX commander committed to making on Mars, have children, said Kris Lehnhardt, assistant professor of emergency medicine at the George Washington University School of Medicine And health sciences.

This raises ethical questions about the potential for the creation of a new breed of humans born in deep space or microgravity.

“If your goal is to become a real kind of space, then this is a key area to study,” he told AFP.

“This is a completely unknown field of science.”

Mouse Sperm
A study published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a peer-reviewed US magazine, was a “good first step,” said Lehnhardt, who was not involved in the investigation.

Mouse sperm were lyophilized and sent for nine months on the International Space Station, which is about 250 miles above Earth.

When the expedition returned, lead researcher Teruhiko Wakayama of Yamanashi University found that space sperm had been “slightly more damaging to DNA,” after enduring an average daily dose of radiation about 100 times stronger than on earth.

On Earth, embryos fertilized in vitro with sperm produced healthy offspring and become normal adults, “suggesting that the DNA damage observed in sperm samples stored in space have been repaired to a large extent in post-embryo embryos Fertilization, “according to the report.

However, research has revealed little about what could happen in space.

“Everything that happened later was on the floor again,” Lehnhardt said.

Not good for ovaries
For researchers who have examined the effect of deep space radiation on the reproductive organs of laboratory mice, the news is not good.
A study published in the journal Reproductive this month showed that severe damage to the ovaries of female mice exposed to charged particles are typical of spatial radiation, raising a concern about premature ovarian failure in astronauts exposed to travel Deep space

One of the study’s authors, Ulrike Luderer, a professor of medicine at the University of California, Irvine, said his research shows why the US space agency is concerned about the health of astronauts in deep space.

“This type of exposure can cause premature failure of ovary and ovarian cancer, and other forms of osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease and neurocognitive diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease,” AFP said.

“Half of the astronauts in the new NASA astronaut class are women,” he added.

“It is very important to know what chronic effects might be for women exposed to long-term spatial radiation.”

Hello magic
Lehnhardt said he did not know of any studies that have shown rodents could be successful in pregnancy or in space that the embryos could survive.

Size of whale has evolved in the recent past!

Size of whale has evolved in the recent past!

Size of whale has evolved in the recent past!

Interestingly, the blue whale, the largest vertebrate ever to have existed, has recently become giants.

According to new research by scientists at the National Museum of Natural History of the Smithsonian, it is only recently in the evolutionary past of whales that they have become so huge.
In a study, published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, marine mammal fossil healer Nicholas Pyenson Graham Slater and colleagues from the University of Chicago and Jeremy Goldbogen at Stanford University tracked the evolution of whale size through Of over 30 million years of history and found that very large whales appeared along several branches of the genéalogle tree there are about 2 or 3 million years.

Increasing ice sheets in the northern hemisphere during this period has probably changed the way food whales were distributed in the oceans and improving the benefits of large body size, scientists say.

How and why whales have become so large remains a mystery so far, in part because of the difficulties of interpreting an incomplete fossil record.

“We did not have good data,” Pyenson said. “How do you measure the total length of a whale represented by a piece of fossil?” Recently, however, Pyenson found that the width of a whale’s skull is a good indicator of its overall size. With this advance, the time had come to know the longstanding problem.

The Smithsonian has the collections of the richest and richest whales of everlasting life and work whales, and the museum was one of the few places that housed a collection that could provide the raw data needed to examine the evolutionary relationships between whales from different Sizes.

Pyenson and his colleagues measured a wide range of fossil skulls in the National Museum’s collections of natural history and used these measurements as well as published data on additional specimens to estimate the duration of remote wildlife. The fossils included in the analysis represented species that date back to the earliest whales, who lived there more than 30 million years ago.

The team used the fossil record as well as data on 13 species of modern whales to examine the evolutionary relationships between whales of different sizes. Their data have clearly shown that the large whales that exist today were not present for most of the history of whales.

“We live in a time of giants,” Goldbogen said. “Bearded whales have never been greater.”

The research team traced the difference to a change in body size evolved so there are around 4.5 million years. Not only do whales with bodies over 10 meters (about 33 feet) begin to develop around this time, but smaller species of whales have also begun to disappear.

Pyenson noted that larger whales appeared on several different lines at the same time, suggesting that mass size was somewhat advantageous during this period.

“We could imagine that whales have been gradually increasing over time, by chance, and maybe this could explain how these whales have become so massive,” said Slater, a postdoctoral fellow at the museum.

“However, our analysis shows that this idea is not confirmed – the only way to explain that whale whales become the giant it is today is so that something has changed in the recent past that made it become a giant and Made it a disadvantage to be small. “